COPD and Alpha-1
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an umbrella name for a handful of lung diseases, including bronchitis and emphysema.1 COPD is a leading cause of illness and death worldwide.2 In the United States, COPD is the third leading cause of death.3 Approximately 24 million adults in the United States have airway obstruction or COPD.4
Alpha-1 is the most common genetic risk factor for COPD. Approximately 1 to 3% of all people diagnosed with COPD could have undiagnosed Alpha-1. Because of this fact, the World Health Organization (WHO), the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) recommend that patients with COPD that isn't controlled with one of the usual treatments be tested for Alpha-1.6,7
Is it COPD due to Alpha-1?
COPD is the most prevalent clinical disorder associated with Alpha-1.8
Alpha-1 is often not diagnosed in patients with COPD because the symptoms are similar.
- Shortness of breath
- Chronic cough
- Recurring chest colds
Testing for Alpha-1
The average Alpha patient experiences symptoms for more than 8 years and sees 3 doctors before being correctly diagnosed with Alpha-1.7 This delay is too long, especially considering the destruction of lung tissue prior to diagnosis. Alpha-1 is easily diagnosed with simple blood tests.
Ask your doctor about a free Grifols AlphaKit that can tell if you have Alpha-1.